This painting, signed and dated by Lippi on March 29, 1496, was commissioned by the monks of San Donato a Scopeto as a replacement for a work meant to be executed by Leonardo da Vinci that went unfinished (Gregori, 107). Konody (xiv) notes that the piece includes many members of the family Medici: the figure on the far left with the astrolabe is Pierfrancesco di Lorenzo, grandson to Cosimo the Elder. Behind him are his sons, Lorenzo and Giovanni.
Boskovits, Miklos and David Alan Brown. Italian Paintings of the Fifteenth Century. New York: Oxford University Press, 2003.
Fossi, Gloria. Uffizi: Art, History, Collections. Milan: Giunti Editore, 2010.
Gregori, Mina. Paintings in the Uffizi & Pitti Galleries. New York: Little, Brown and Company, 1994.
Konody, P. G. Filippino Lippi. London: George Newnes Limited, 1905.
Neilson, Katharine B. Filippino Lippi: A Critical Study. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1938.