Ghirlandaio incorporates contemporary Renaissance Florence as well as contemporary Renaissance personnages in the frescoes executed for the Sassetti Chapel. Behind the scene of The Confirmation of the Franciscan Rule, the artist depicted Florence’s most important public square, the Piazza della Signoria (Hartt, 394). In the detailed image of the figures ascending the stairs, we see Angelo Poliziano, followed by his pupils, Lorenzo the Magnificent’s three sons, Giuliano (adjacent to Poliziano), Piero and Giovanni, as well as Leo X.
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Hartt, Frederick, and David G. Wilkins. History of Italian Renaissance Art. 5th ed. New York: Harry N. Abrams, Inc., 2003.
Layard, Austen Henry. Domenico Ghirlandaio and his Fresco of the Death of S. Francis. London: Arundel Society, 1860.
Micheletti, Emma. Domenico Ghirlandaio. Florence: SCALA, 1990.